RepExtrem: Analysis and Mapping of heat waves in urban areas
Background and objectives
French meteorologist agency, Meteo-France, is producing maps resulting from the comparison of different forecast models in order to propose the most likely weather forecast. If models integrate data from a large special extend, urban areas are specific as they produce and store heats. Moreover that are sensitive places as they host a large proportion of people. As the city can be 10 degrees warmer than the surrounding countryside, as was the case in west Europe in August 2003. Furthermore, the climate change impact studies are still often limited to integrate the effects specific to the city. However a recent report (Ouzaeu et al 2015) on possible scenarios for the next 100 years unfortunately confirms the risk of increased frequency of such phenomena on highly populated urban areas. Read More →
UN member states meet in Sendai from 14 to 18 March 2015 during the 3rd World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction. The aim of this international conference is to develop a common framework for the prevention of natural and technological disasters. France was present in Sendai with a stand where The RDT research program was presented. Download here the two posters presented : Poster1 v5 et Poster2 v5
The research on Integrating Floods in Urban and Architectural Projects (PRÉCIEU) studies how flooding hazard is considered in urban projects, at neighbourhood scale. PRÉCIEU wants to have a particular regard for political strategies of middle-sized urban areas – based on the study case of French cities : Angers, Le Havre, and Narbonne – which choose to develop urban projects in established or presumed flood area. The PRÉCIEU positioning strategy is to shift the focus away from flood risk prevention and management to urbanism practice: this study will be focused on professions, tools and interests of spatial planning rather than on ‘best practices’ in flood risk prevention and management.
Elision but Inexorable Risk: what kind of resilience to soil pollution in former industrial areas?
EMIR research project takes the notion of resilience seriously and questions it from three perspectives: first, taking into account the slow temporal disturbances that affect an area and the answers given (or not) to these perturbations that will be analyzed in a comprehensive understanding of the economic and social dynamics system; secondly, by focusing on « very low profile » disturbances that are not subject to any mobilization or poorly legible, inefficient or even unrecognized mobilization (s) – the resilient character of a given area is often inferred from visible signs of change and adaptation to crisis phenomena that are just as visible – and finally, considering passive forms of resilience that lead to degraded situations and lead to question implicit reference to the « right » reaction and / or capacity of action. Read More →
Here is the english text of the RDT call of research proposals 2013.
The project aims to qualify how systems may adapt during the phase of disorder resolution (reparation, reconstruction, reorganization) which follows hazard occurrence. Adaptations taken into account are mainly those which imply sensitivity reduction of exposed assets (vulnerability reduction, assets relocation). Measures such as damage pooling (through insurance or solidarity), or hazard mitigation (in intensity or frequency) also impact the resilience of the territory but the analysis of their exact influence is out of the scope of this project. Read More →
Resilience of french overseas territories to coastal risks in the context of global change (Réunion Island, French Polynesia)
Five research laboratories contribute to the Réomers project: UMR LIENSs 7266 (geomorphology, environmental geography, geomatics; lead), Iddri (Sciences-Po Paris, human geography and law), CEJEP (University of la Rochelle, law), Géophen (LETG UMR 6554, Caen, geomorphology) and GEL (EPHE, Dinard, geomorphology). Additionally, two international experts are involved in this project, Andrew Cooper (University of Ulster) and John Hay (USP, Cook Islands). This project is also based on a close collaboration with both national institutions (ONERC, MEDDE) and local stakeholders, as it aims to support risk reduction (integrated shoreline management policy) and climate change adaptation (national plan for adaptation to climate change). Read More →
Resilience, how to make the concept operational ?
The research project RCO (for “Resilience, from Theory to Practice”), aims at improving the understanding of resilience as a concept used in practice by different types of risks practitioners (experts, engineers, researchers, risks managers, territorial managers) on the scale of a departmental territory. Our main objective is to understand how these specific actors (located in the French Département of Isère) concretely use the concept of resilience, and to identify if and how the issue of resilience might influence their practical work experience. Our project considers all kinds of risk (industrial, environmental, natural, health, etc.) existing on the territory of Isère.